Knuckles Range: Travel Guide

The Knuckles Range is situated in the districts of Kandy and Matale. It is proclaimed as a conservation area that includes five main forest formations along with a wide range of endemic flora and fauna. With that said, Knuckles Range Mountain is a premium eco-tourism hub and when you observe it from a distance, it will look like a clenched fist. To add to this fact, this appearance has led the people to call it Knuckles Range Mountain. The mountain is entirely cloaked with mist, but it is considered the signature backdrop of Kandy. This is why nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts viewed Knuckles Range Mountain as a paradise of natural beauty. So, let’s discover the outrageous beauties of Knuckles Range Mountain.

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Things to see in Knuckles Range Mountain


Flora & Fauna: The knuckles range Mountain is the habitat of a wide variety of endemic flora and fauna. Inside the mountain, these plants can be seen in abundance such as in the lowland semi-evergreen forests and montane forests. Almost all of these vegetations are unique and rare to Sri Lanka.

See the Mammals: Unlike the Yala and Udawalawe National Park, Knuckles Range Mountain is not a big national park. Despite its relative smallness, it still boasts 31 species of mammals in the Knuckles wilderness. Some of these species are – Black-napped Hare, Jackal, and Toque Macaque and Purple-faced Leaf Monkey Wild Buffalo, Wild boar. Additionally, there are some other types of mammals like – the Fishing cat, Sambar, Leopard, Mouse Deer, and Elephants.

Five Types of Vegetations: Within the Knuckles Range Mountain, there are five types of plants. These are – Semi-Evergreen, Sub Montane, Montane, Grass Lands, and Riverine and Pigmy forests. You can observe the semi-evergreen plants under 700-meter elevation of the range and it contains big trees. Also, in between the low-land and high-land, the sub Motane exists and it inherits the Bamboo trees. Besides, the Motane forests cover the high mountain peaks like – Kalupahana and Gombaniyagala. Moreover, the Pitawala pathana (an open area) includes grasslands, which are rich in biodiversity. Finally, you can find out the Pigmy forests in the Selevakanda area.

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Things to do in Knuckles Range Mountain


Watch the endangered Birds: The mountain range is renowned for its rich composition of birdlife with more than 130 species of birds has been recorded here. There are is also 10 migrant of species and among the total recorded birds, 20 types of species are thought to be endangered. These endangered species of birds include – the elusive Sri Lankan Whistling Thrush, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Yellow-eared Bulbul, Sri Lankan Spot-wing Thrush, Sri Lankan Super fowl, Sri Lankan Green Pigeon, Sri Lankan Hanging Parrot, Layard’s Parakeets, Jungle fowl, Sri Lankan Green Pigeon, Sri Lankan Wood shrike, Sri Lankan Dull-blue Flycatcher, Sri Lankan Myna, Bush Warbler, etc. With these birds, the migrant birds comprise of Common Sandpiper, Gray & Forest Wagtails, Indian Pitta, Brown Shrike, Indian Blue Chat, Greenish Warbler, etc.

Explore the Amphibians & Reptiles: The Knuckles Range Mountain has recorded 20 different types of Amphibians and of them 12 are endemic and are in danger of extinction. Additionally, there are lots of relatively unknown species in the Knuckles region. These are yet to discovered and scientifically explained. For instance – Small-eared Tree Frog can be rarely seen in the lower and upper Montane and on the other hand, the Corrugated Water Frog is observed at a place, which is close to the streams by the above forests. Furthermore, the Knuckles Range possesses a wide range of reptiles that consist of small geckos and skinks to big monitor lizards and pythons. Here, 53 species are recorded in the area and of them 23 are endemic. On the other hand, 24 of them are in danger of extinction.

Trek at Knuckles Range: Trekking is the most popular activity in The Knuckles range because it’s one of the best natural attractions in Sri Lanka. The entire area consists of changing terrain of grasslands, with rough mountain peaks mix together with the streams and flowing waterfalls, making the Knuckles Mountain Range a unique spectacle. In addition to this, the Knuckles Range has a special area of 18512 hectares, which is used as a trekker’s paradise. This area can afford intriguing trekking activities and some part of the area is still greatly untouched and undiscovered. Though, the unexplored areas are significantly beautiful and rich in biodiversity.

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How is the weather of Knuckles Range Mountain?


The weather of Knuckles Mountain Range is volatile and it can change radically. As stated earlier, the entire mountain is shrouded with mist and rain could visit the place in any time. Here, the average rainfall is in between 3000-5000ml. Also, the average temperature is in between 5.5 degrees and 35 degrees Celsius and the wind speed is around 7.2km/hour along with the humidity being 57%-90%. Furthermore, December to February is the best time for trekking as the possibility of rain is moderate.

How to reach Knuckles Range Mountain?


You can reach Knuckles Range Mountain while taking the A26 main motorway, which runs through the east region of Kandy to Hunnsgiriya. From Hunnasiriya, you will need to take the B grade road, which will take you to the Corbett’s Gap. After that, you can easily see the Knuckles Range Mountain.

Knuckles mountain range is a World heritage Conservation Area and it allures thousands of tourists each year. With that said, it is one of the loveliest natural attractions in the world and in Sri Lanka as well. For all these people tend to come back to the Knuckles Mountain Range again and again. So, when you visit this wonderful attraction in Sri Lanka, make sure that you have seen everything and capture all the best moments!

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